12.17.2008

我不是哲學怪胎,我為什麼要學哲學?

我不是哲學怪胎,我不關心「殺人是錯的」到底是在表達情緒還是陳述事實,我不打算一輩子和論證及思想實驗相處(更不用談公理和證明了,我靠),我一點也不希望自己是因為提出了某個「知識的傳統解釋」的反例而聲名大噪,那麼,我為什麼要學哲學?

因為哲學可以教給你︰

  1. How to read critically (i.e., a book, magazine article, newspaper, P&L statement, web traffic report, etc.).
  2. How to write well. (this could be an email, letter, report, blog, or living will).
  3. How to debate and speak in front of large audiences.
  4. How to create impromptu arguments and analysis (this may be the number one business skill of all time and I'd hire someone with this skill set versus a Harvard graduate any day).
  5. How to figure out what is right and wrong (ethics) and identify with different sorts of people and cultures (this is important in the modern workforce, think how different your job is from what you see on Mad Men each week).
  6. How to apply logic to any problem.
  7. How to think strategically or see the "big picture."
  8. How to think about a problem by deconstructing the big picture and looking at the details.

    via Scordo

15 comments:

  1. It only teaches you 'how', but I don't think there's a guarantee that you will. After all, those who try to write philosophically are usually bad writers, and it is also quite common that moral philosophers are those who just don't know what is right and wrong.

    ReplyDelete
  2. ahyang︰

    除了bad writer那部份之外,我想你的想法我都了解。

    任何學習都不保證任何事情,這我同意,不過我想回應你最後一個意見。

    我猜,越接近基本哲學研究的哲學家,越不容易對一般人遇到的問題給出實用的回答。然而也有一些哲學家是很入世的,例如Dworkin,我想應該沒有任何正常人會遇到的道德問題是他幫不上忙的吧。

    再說,就算所有倫理問題的答案在哲學界都有巨大爭議,也不代表哲學訓練在處理道德問題上會讓老百姓going no where。一般人基本上不抱有像哲學家這麼重的懷疑心,他們會在常識許可的範圍內停止思辨,並且接受這時候出現在眼前的結論,而哲學訓練會讓他們停下來之前做的那些東西更清楚正確。

    ReplyDelete
  3. Well... I am not saying that training in philosophy is not useful or beneficial at all. I just don't think the idea is accurate that one thinks more clearly or critically because of doing philosophy. To think so is quite misleading, because it is not that 'philosophy' is doing the trick. Any proper training in any academic subjects should have the same effect of making critical thinking a habit and is helpful to those good things (apart from telling good from wrong) you said brought by learning philosophy.

    Or, do you think 'philosophy' is synonymous with 'thinking clearly and critically'?

    By the way, I think Dworkin is one of the philosopher whose importance is quite overestimated, at least in certain topics, though I might be wrong on this. And I agree with that Dworkin is very active on various social issues, which is a good thing. But I just don't think he is really doing any serious philosophical work when arguing for or against those moral controversies. The reason is simple: you just don't need to be a philosopher to be a moral person, and philosophical sophistication is not what makes things morally right. Are you saying that we should turn EVERYONE into philosophers for a better world?

    ReplyDelete
  4. ahyang:

    我相信,比起其他學科,分析哲學訓練更有助於培養thinking clearly and critically的能力和習慣。

    然後我看不太懂為什麼「you just don't need to be a philosopher to be a moral person, and philosophical sophistication is not what makes things morally right.」會是「I just don't think he is really doing any serious philosophical work when arguing for or against those moralcontroversies. 」的理由欸。

    我是說,如果哲學家對於解決道德紛爭(例如墮胎、國際正義)有幫助,也不會是因為哲學使人向善、哲學使某些事情變成善事,而是因為哲學有助於讓人想清楚哪些事情是善事,不是嗎?

    ReplyDelete
  5. 我看不懂英文,可是我想理解裡頭的英文在說什麼。

    請問我能要求翻譯嗎?

    ReplyDelete
  6. rA:

    如果是直譯那幾個句子還算簡單,不過裡面有一些詞需要解釋,不然就算譯成中文大概也沒人看得懂。不過後面這個工作我沒有時間做。

    ReplyDelete
  7. 白鹿
    你在二樓裡提到的德沃金

    是自然法主義者(強調符合道德的才是法律)裡的那個德沃金嗎?

    有沒有原名原姓啊?

    ReplyDelete
  8. victor2923:

    我想應該是,Ronald Dworkin。不過我對他的東西不清楚。

    ReplyDelete
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